Raising Puppies Timeline

Raising Puppies Timeline
 
   Week One (Days 1-7)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + 90% of time spent sleeping
           + 10% eating
           + Susceptible to heat/cold
           + Instinctive reflexes: crawl, seek warmth, nurse
           + They can right themselves if placed upside down
           + Needs stimulation for urination/defecation
           + Rapid development of central nervous system
           + Need constant care from bitch
           + Rectal temperatures 94-97 degrees Farenheit
           + Pups may lose 10% of weight after birth, but should start
             gaining again
           + Weight should double by end of week
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Chart weight daily (2 x daily first 2 days)
           + Examine puppies daily
           + Trim nails weekly
           + Keep whelping box around 85 degrees Farenheit (this means if
             it’s hotter than that out, put a fan in the room or turn on
             the air conditioning, if it’s colder than that get a heat
             lamp to put above the whelping box)
           + When you handle the puppies, it’s a good idea use a towel
             when you hold them. The puppies urinate upon stimulation and
             will inevitably find your attention stimulating!
           + If your breed requires tail, ear, or dew claw docking,
             schedule this with your vet.
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Keep dam on fluids for first 24 hours (i.e.. chicken broth,
             etc.)
           + Feed three full meals a day after that
           + Supplement with 250 mg Vitamin C twice daily
           + If puppies are fussy, supplement bitch with Vitamin B complex
           + Check mammary glands twice daily (looking for signs of
             mastitis — swelling, hardness, pus, etc.)
           + Keep an eye on vaginal discharge (looking for signs of
             infection)
           + Make sure bitch eats, drinks, and relieves herself
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Keep detailed records on puppies’ weight and behavior
           + Keep charting bitch’s temperature
           + Call puppy buyers with results of whelping
            
   Week Two (Days 8-14)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Eyes should open around days 8-10
           + Ears should open around days 13-17
           + Temperatures should be around 97-99F
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Keep whelping box around 80-83F
           + Begin holding puppies in different ways (applying light
             stress)
           + Trim nails weekly
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Bitch should get three times her normal amount of food
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Continue as above
            
   Week Three (Days 15-21)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Teeth begin to erupt
           + Puppies stand up and start walking
           + Begin to lap liquids
           + Defecate/urinate without stimulation
           + Start becoming aware of environment
           + Start playing with littermates
           + Develop sense of smell
           + Puppies will start to discriminate as to where to relieve
             themselves
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Start adding stimuli (toys) to puppies’ life
           + Start giving specific stresses when handling (i.e.. pinch an
             ear or toe gently).
           + Start giving pups milk replacer to lap for one meal a day —
             after two days, add some very mushy food
           + Weigh puppies every 2 days
           + Give puppies a dirty shirt of yours to play with
           + Start weekly grooming sessions (brush, trim nails, look at
             teeth, etc.)
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Continue as above
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Purchase milk replacer to feed puppies
            
   Week Four (Days 22-28)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Begin to eat food
           + Begin to bark, wag tails, bite, paw, bare teeth, growl and
             chase
           + Use legs well
           + Tire easily
           + Depth perception starts
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Keep mom with them a lot! Things can get overwhelming at this
             age and Mom will add stability for them
           + Each pup needs individual attention
           + Offer food that is the consistency of cooked oatmeal
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Continue as above
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Start limiting bitch’s access to pups before offering them
             food
            
   Week Five (Days 29-35)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Group activities and sexual play will begin
           + Dominance order starts
           + Rapid growth/development
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Reduce fluids in puppies’ food
           + Make sure other people start coming to see pups
           + Begin weaning
           + Play radio at normal volume near pups for 5 minutes at a time
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Start reducing amount of food to discourage milk development
           + Keep a careful eye on mammary glands
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Discuss vaccination schedule with veterinarian
            
   Week Six (Days 26-42)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Growth and development continue
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Offer soft, damp food
           + Chart weekly weight
           + Individual attention crucial — give each puppy time with you
             away from litter
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + To prepare bitch for weaning: Day 1 — no food
             Day 2 — 1/4 normal maintenance meal
             Day 3 — 1/2 normal maintenance meal
             Day 4 — 3/4 normal maintenance meal
             Day 5 — full amount of normal maintenance meal
           + Keep bitch on puppy food for several weeks to help her
             recover from the strain of breeding, whelping, and raising
             puppies
           + Keep careful eye on mammary glands
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Continue as above
            
   Week Seven (Days 43-49)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Total hearing/visual capacity
           + Will investigate anything
           + Can’t respond yet to name
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Pups should be weaned and on regular puppy food
           + Pups can go to new homes
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Keep careful eye on mammary glands until milk is completely
             dried up
            
    TO DO LIST
          
   Week Eight (Days 50-56)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + First fear period
           + Starts learning name
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Don’t ship puppies
           + Can start training puppies in small steps
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Continue as above
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Continue as above
            
   Week Nine (Days 57-63)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Develops strong dominant and subordinate behavior among
             littermates
           + Begins to learn right behavior
           + Motor skills improve
           + Short attention span
           + Starts focusing attention on owner rather than other puppies
           + Separate littermates
           + Start house training
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Continue lots of individual attention
            
   Week Ten (Days 64-70)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Safe to ship puppies by air

                                      
 Finding And Dealing With Puppy Buyers
            
   

Breeding, Whelping, and Rearing Puppies FAQ

Before breeding a bitch or even planning to breed a bitch, please
    consult a veterinarian. The information contained in this FAQ should
    in no way be construed as a substitute for veterinary care and advice.
    Further, you should make an effort to find a veterinarian who is
    familiar with canine whelping issues. Because so many people are being
    responsible and spaying their bitches, fewer veterinarians are
    comfortable with whelping puppies. Surprisingly, emergency clinic
    veterinarians are more likely to be familiar with whelping issues.
    This is no doubt because of the well-known maxim that, given a
    preference, dogs will whelp at 2 am when the regular vet clinics are
    closed. Again, please consult a veterinarian before doing any
    breedings. As with people, pre-natal care is important in bitches.
      _________________________________________________________________
                                      
 Table of Contents
 
      * Introduction
      * Preparing the Bitch
      * Choosing a Stud Dog
      * Paperwork
      * Breeding Timeline
      * Pregnancy Timeline
      * Preparing Your Whelping Kit
      * Whelping the Litter
      * Raising Puppies Timeline
      * Finding And Dealing With Puppy Buyers
      * Health Guarantees
      * Financial Considerations
      * Resources
       
      _________________________________________________________________
                                      
 Introduction
 
    Breeding a litter of puppies is a task to be taken very, very
    seriously. You are producing life of your own volition for a wide
    variety of reasons. Some of those reasons will be good ones, some will
    not. But this decision should be thought through very, very carefully.
    Before reading further, please read the Breeding Your Dog FAQ. Also,
    this document should be taken only as a starting point. If after
    reading this document, you still want to breed your bitch, I strongly
    suggest that you get and read at least some of the books listed in the
    resource section.
   
    Further, I recommend you consult with your bitch’s breeder for
    guidance in this matter. Dogs should be bred for one reason and one
    reason only: To improve the breed. If you are reading this with the
    intention of breeding to make a quick buck, educate the children, or
    to fulfill your bitch’s feminine needs, please don’t breed your dog!
    Seriously, as you’ll learn as you read on, done properly, breeding is
    rarely a money-maker; more likely a money drain! Children can become
    educated much more fully than you intended when something goes wrong
    in a breeding. Losing the bitch and all her puppies is probably not
    the lesson you intended but it happens all to frequently. And, of
    course, as to the last one, most bitches really want to be your
    beloved companion 24 hours a day, so if you really want to make your
    dog happy, spay her and spend more time with her! But, if you are
    determined to go on, then please read this FAQ thoroughly. It covers
    the responsible breeding of dogs to produce quality puppies and give
    them the best start in life.
   
    If you have a dog that is pregnant right now, please do not use this
    FAQ as your sole source of information. Look for a qualified
    veterinarian in your area to assist you with whelping the puppies.
   
    The information in this FAQ has been obtained by my own experience,
    research through the literature and by talking to knowledgeable
    breeders. Many thanks go to Vicki Blodgett and Terri Herigstad for
    being so willing to share their hard won expertise. Also, I’d like to
    thank Cindy Tittle Moore for her support of my first solo FAQ project.

opyright 1996 by Liza Lee Miller. All rights reserved. You may
    download and print a copy of this file for your personal use. Further
    distribution must be with the explicit permission of the author.

Preparing the Bitch