Some Of The Common Genetic Health Issues- Listed by breed

Here is a list compiled to help breeders and owners (or soon to be owners),

become aware of what some of the common genetic problems may be in their breed/dog of choice.

**Not every breed is listed here; if you don’t see your breed shoot me an e-mail and I will be glad to research it for you!!**

Affenpinscher: Corneal ulcers, patellar luxation, cryptorchidism, elongated soft palate, retained puppy teeth, dermoid cyst

Afghan Hound: Under bite, juvenile cataracts, elbow joint deformity, hip dysplasia, degenerative myelopathy, chronic pancreatitis, corneal dystrophy, von Willebrand’s disease

Airedale: Hypothyroidism, spondylosis deformans, pyometra, umbilical hernias von Willebrand’s disease

Akita: Hip Dysplasia, entropion, retinal atrophy, hypothyroidism

Alaskan Malamute: Hip Dysplasia, hypothyroidism, juvenile cataract, patent ductus areteriosus

American Foxhound: Osteochondrosis of spine, deafness, cryptorchidism

American Staffordshire Terrier: Craniomandibular osteopathy, cervical vertebral instability, cleft palate, hip dysplasia, cataract, bad bite, cryptorchidism

American Water Spaniel: Hermaphrodism, hip dysplasia, epilepsy, retinal atrophy

Australian Cattle Dog: Deafness

Australian Shepherd: Spina bifida, poor temperament, cleft palate, hip dysplasia, retinal atrophy, cataracts, bad bite, epilepsy, deafness

Australian Terrier: Diabetes Mellitus, cryptorchidism, atopic dermatitis, cleft palate

Basenji: Pyruvate kinase deficiency, Fanconi syndrome, coliform enteritis, persistent papillary membrane, corneal leukoma

Basset Hound: Bad Bite, ectropion, corneal dermoid cyst, aggressive temperament, osteochondritis dissecans, radius curvus, patellar luxation, glaucoma, hernia, thrombopathia, cervical vertebral instability, defective third cervical vertebra, achondroplasia, lens luxation, bon Willebrand’s disease

Beagle: Elongated soft palate, cryptorchidism, deafness, vestibular disorder, cleft lip and palate, glaucoma, intervertebral disc disease, epilepsy, pyruvate kinase deficiency, pulmonic stenosis, cataracts, retinal dysplasia

Bedlington Terrier: Retinal dysplasia, copper toxicosis

Belgian Malinois: Bad bite, shyness, hip dysplasia, epilepsy, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia

Belgian Sheepdog: Bad bite, shyness, epilepsy, hypothyroidism

Belgian Sheepdog: Bad bite, shyness, epilepsy, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia

Bernese Mountain Dog: Bad bite, hip dysplasia, osteochondritis dissecans, cleft palate, retinal atrophy

Bichon Frise: Bad teeth with age, patellar luxation, epilepsy, hip dysplasia

Black and Tan Coonhound: Ectropion, hip dysplasia, factor IX deficiency

Bloodhound: bad bite, ectropion, cryptorchidism, hip dysplasia, bad temperament, entropion

Border Collie: Bad bite, cryptorchidism, retinal atrophy, osteochrondritis dissecans, deafness, lens luxation

Border Terrier: Cryptorchidism, hip dysplasia, retinal atrophy

Borzoi: Missing premolars, gastric torsion, hypersensitivity to some anesthesia

Boston Terrier: Cocked eyes, elongated soft palate, cherry eye, frequent vomiting, deafness, cataracts, cleft lip and palate, body tumors, patellar luxation, mast cell tumor, pituitary tumor

Bouvier Des Flandres: Bad bite, cleft palate, gastric torsion, hypothyroidism

Boxer: Cryptorchidism, pyloric stenosis, heart defects, corneal ulcer, patellar luxation, gastric torsion, cleft lip and palate, epilepsy, dermoid cyst, mast cell tumor, entropion, elongated soft palate, osteochrondritis dissecans, retinal atrophy, von Willebrand’s disease, factor VII deficiency

Briard: Hip dysplasia, gastric torsion, retinal atrophy, hypothyroidism

Brittany: Cryptorchidism, bad bite, ectropion, hip dysplasia, factor VII deficiency

Bull Terrier: Retained baby teeth, umbilical hernia, deafness, inguinal hernia, cleft lip and palate

Bulldog: Elongated soft palate, stenotic nares, loose shoulders, ectropion, corneal dermoid cyst, facial fold dermatitis, deafness, cleft palate, entropion, collapsed trachea, heart defect, mast cell tumor, factor VII deficiency, dislocated hips

Bullmastiff: Poor temperament, cleft palate, retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia, gastric torsion

Cairn Terrier: Cryptorchidism, factor VII deficiency, factor IX deficiency, patellar luxation, von Willebrand’s disease, lens luxation

Cardigan Welsh Corgi: Corneal dermoid cyst, cleft palate, glaucoma, disc disease, von Willebrand’s disease, lens luxation

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: Under bite, cryptorchidism, fly biting syndrome, corneal dystrophy, patellar luxation, diabetes melitus

Chesapeake Bay Retriever: Retinal atrophy, entropion, hip dysplasia, von Willebrand’s disease

Chihuahua: Retained baby teeth, bad bite, hypoglycemia, patellar luxation, cleft palate, heart defects, entropion, shoulder dislocation, lens luxation

Chinese Crested: Under bite, allergy to wool

Chow Chow: Allergies, bad bite, elongated soft palate, ectropion, entropion, patellar luxation, hip dysplasia, poor temperament, hypothyroidism

Cocker Spaniel: Bad bite, umbilical hernia, cherry eye, ectropion, corneal dermoid cyst, skin and ear problems, hip dysplasia, poor temperament, hernia, factor X deficiency, anasarca, cleft lip, cataracts, glaucoma, anemia, entropion, luxated patella, intervertebral disc disease, hypothyroidism

Collie: Over bite, under bite, nasal solar dermatitis, umbilical hernia, deafness, corneal dystrophy, cleft palate, optic nerve hypoplasia

Dachshund: Bad bite, umbilical hernia, triciasis, corneal dermoid cyst, atopic dermatitis, cataracts, diabetes, cleft lip and palate, epilepsy, hypothyroidism, von Willebrand’s disease, patellar luxation, osteopetrosis, retinal atrophy

Dalmatians: Atopic dermatitis, deafness, uric acid stones

Dandie Dinmont Terrier: Bad bite, hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, dislocated shoulder

Doberman Pinscher: Color mutant alopecia, bad bite, flank sucking, vestibular disorder, renal cortical hypoplasia, von Willebrand’s disease, hypothyroidism, narcolepsy, demodectic mange, diabetes

English Setter: Vaginitis, ectropion, umbilical hernia, deafness, retinal atrophy

English Springer Spaniel: Under bite, ectropion, ear problems, obesity, hip dysplasia, entropion, glaucoma, factor XI deficiency, von Willebrand’s disease, subortic stenosis

Finnish Spitz: Cataracts

French Bulldog: Elongated soft palate, upper respiratory problems, cleft lip and palate, factor VIII deficiency, lens luxation, carcinomas, patellar luxation

German Shepherd Dog: Cryptorchidism, corneal dermoid cyst, hip dysplasia, epilepsy, poor temperament, diabetes, disc disease, heart defects, dwarfism, von Willebrand’s disease, cleft lip and palate, degenerative myelopathy, chronic pancreatitis, missing teeth, retinal atrophy

German Shorthaired Pointer: Under bite, nervous temperament, gastric torsion, entropion, von Willebrand’s disease, epilepsy

Giant Schnauzer: Bad bite, missing teeth, cryptorchidism, hip dysplasia, poor temperament, retinal atrophy

Golden Retriever: Cryptorchidism, missing teeth, bad bite, wry mouth, ectropion, immune deficiency, hip dysplasia, entropion, cleft palate, von Willebrand’s disease, hypothyroidism, cataracts, epilepsy, diabetes

Great Dane: Cryptorchidism, bad bite, ectropion, flat feet, fear biting and other temperament problems, cervical vertebral instability, hip dysplasia, gastric torsion, heart defects, degenerative myelopathy, entropion, von Willebrand’s disease

Greyhound: Cryptorchidism, gastric torsion, elbow bursitis, short spine, hypersensitivity to anesthesia, lens luxation

Irish Setters: Under bites, over bites, ectropion, osteochrondritis dissecans, hip dysplasia, carpal sub luxation, hypothyroidism, atrophy, epilepsy, von Willebrand’s disease

Keeshond: Hip dysplasia, epilepsy, hypothyroidism, heart defects, diabetes

Labrador Retriever: Cryptorchidism, bad bite, cataracts, atrophy, epilepsy, lens luxation, hip dysplasia, von Willebrand’s disease

Lhasa Apso: Umbilical hernia, patellar luxation, atrophy, hip dysplasia, von Willebrand’s disease

Maltese: Retained puppy teeth, cryptorchidism, hydrocephalus, cleft lip and palate, entropion, patellar luxation, deafness

Mastiff: Ectropion, shy temperament, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism

Norwegian Elkhound: Bad Bite, cysts, hip dysplasia, entropion, cleft palate

Old English Sheepdog: Bad bite, hip dysplasia, cataracts, entropion, diabetes, deafness

Pekingese: Umbilical hernia, stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, hernia, cleft lip and palate, disc disease, cataracts, atrophy, patellar luxation, trichiasis

Pointer: Under bite, timid, umbilical hernia, entropion, cataracts, hip dysplasia, gout, atrophy

Pomeranian: Cryptorchidism, hypoglycemia, retained baby teeth, patellar luxation, entropion

Poodle (Toy): Retinal atrophy, retinal dysplasia, cataracts, entropion, deafness

Pug: Elongated soft palate, entropion, aseptic necrosis of femoral head

Rhodesian Ridgeback: Dermoid sinus, hip dysplasia hypothyroidism

Rottweiler: Ectropion, hip dysplasia, entropion, cleft palate, deafness, diabetes, von Willebrand’s disease

Saint Bernard: Ectropion, diabetes, entropion, osteochrondritis dissecans, hip dysplasia, gastric torsion, epilepsy, corneal dermoid cyst

Saluki: Umbilical hernia, cryptorchidism, corneal dermoid cyst, hypothyroidism

Samoyed: Cryptorchidism, hip dysplasia, retinal atrophy, retinal dysplasia

Scottish Terrier: von Willebrand’s disease, deafness, lens luxation

Shetland Sheepdog: Cryptorchidism, retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, deafness, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, von Willebrand’s disease

Shih Tzu: intervertebral disc disease, entropion

Siberian Husky: Cryptochidism, hip dysplasia, retinal atrophy, cataracts

Silky Terrier: Cryptorchidism, patellar luxation, diabetes, epilepsy

Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier: Cataracts, retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia, von Willebrand’s disease

West Highland White Terrier: Cryptorchidism, hypothyroidism

Whippet: Cryptorchidism, color mutant alopecia

Yorkshire Terrier: patellar luxation, retinal atrophy, retinal dysplasia

Source: Successful Dog Breeding, The Complete Handbook of Canine Midwifery, by Chris Walkowicz and Bonnie Wilkes, D.V.M.

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