Raising Puppies Timeline

Raising Puppies Timeline
 
   Week One (Days 1-7)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + 90% of time spent sleeping
           + 10% eating
           + Susceptible to heat/cold
           + Instinctive reflexes: crawl, seek warmth, nurse
           + They can right themselves if placed upside down
           + Needs stimulation for urination/defecation
           + Rapid development of central nervous system
           + Need constant care from bitch
           + Rectal temperatures 94-97 degrees Farenheit
           + Pups may lose 10% of weight after birth, but should start
             gaining again
           + Weight should double by end of week
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Chart weight daily (2 x daily first 2 days)
           + Examine puppies daily
           + Trim nails weekly
           + Keep whelping box around 85 degrees Farenheit (this means if
             it’s hotter than that out, put a fan in the room or turn on
             the air conditioning, if it’s colder than that get a heat
             lamp to put above the whelping box)
           + When you handle the puppies, it’s a good idea use a towel
             when you hold them. The puppies urinate upon stimulation and
             will inevitably find your attention stimulating!
           + If your breed requires tail, ear, or dew claw docking,
             schedule this with your vet.
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Keep dam on fluids for first 24 hours (i.e.. chicken broth,
             etc.)
           + Feed three full meals a day after that
           + Supplement with 250 mg Vitamin C twice daily
           + If puppies are fussy, supplement bitch with Vitamin B complex
           + Check mammary glands twice daily (looking for signs of
             mastitis — swelling, hardness, pus, etc.)
           + Keep an eye on vaginal discharge (looking for signs of
             infection)
           + Make sure bitch eats, drinks, and relieves herself
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Keep detailed records on puppies’ weight and behavior
           + Keep charting bitch’s temperature
           + Call puppy buyers with results of whelping
            
   Week Two (Days 8-14)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Eyes should open around days 8-10
           + Ears should open around days 13-17
           + Temperatures should be around 97-99F
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Keep whelping box around 80-83F
           + Begin holding puppies in different ways (applying light
             stress)
           + Trim nails weekly
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Bitch should get three times her normal amount of food
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Continue as above
            
   Week Three (Days 15-21)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Teeth begin to erupt
           + Puppies stand up and start walking
           + Begin to lap liquids
           + Defecate/urinate without stimulation
           + Start becoming aware of environment
           + Start playing with littermates
           + Develop sense of smell
           + Puppies will start to discriminate as to where to relieve
             themselves
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Start adding stimuli (toys) to puppies’ life
           + Start giving specific stresses when handling (i.e.. pinch an
             ear or toe gently).
           + Start giving pups milk replacer to lap for one meal a day —
             after two days, add some very mushy food
           + Weigh puppies every 2 days
           + Give puppies a dirty shirt of yours to play with
           + Start weekly grooming sessions (brush, trim nails, look at
             teeth, etc.)
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Continue as above
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Purchase milk replacer to feed puppies
            
   Week Four (Days 22-28)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Begin to eat food
           + Begin to bark, wag tails, bite, paw, bare teeth, growl and
             chase
           + Use legs well
           + Tire easily
           + Depth perception starts
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Keep mom with them a lot! Things can get overwhelming at this
             age and Mom will add stability for them
           + Each pup needs individual attention
           + Offer food that is the consistency of cooked oatmeal
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Continue as above
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Start limiting bitch’s access to pups before offering them
             food
            
   Week Five (Days 29-35)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Group activities and sexual play will begin
           + Dominance order starts
           + Rapid growth/development
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Reduce fluids in puppies’ food
           + Make sure other people start coming to see pups
           + Begin weaning
           + Play radio at normal volume near pups for 5 minutes at a time
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Start reducing amount of food to discourage milk development
           + Keep a careful eye on mammary glands
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Discuss vaccination schedule with veterinarian
            
   Week Six (Days 26-42)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Growth and development continue
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Offer soft, damp food
           + Chart weekly weight
           + Individual attention crucial — give each puppy time with you
             away from litter
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + To prepare bitch for weaning: Day 1 — no food
             Day 2 — 1/4 normal maintenance meal
             Day 3 — 1/2 normal maintenance meal
             Day 4 — 3/4 normal maintenance meal
             Day 5 — full amount of normal maintenance meal
           + Keep bitch on puppy food for several weeks to help her
             recover from the strain of breeding, whelping, and raising
             puppies
           + Keep careful eye on mammary glands
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Continue as above
            
   Week Seven (Days 43-49)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Total hearing/visual capacity
           + Will investigate anything
           + Can’t respond yet to name
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Pups should be weaned and on regular puppy food
           + Pups can go to new homes
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Keep careful eye on mammary glands until milk is completely
             dried up
            
    TO DO LIST
          
   Week Eight (Days 50-56)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + First fear period
           + Starts learning name
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Don’t ship puppies
           + Can start training puppies in small steps
            
    CARE OF THE BITCH
          
           + Continue as above
            
    TO DO LIST
          
           + Continue as above
            
   Week Nine (Days 57-63)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Develops strong dominant and subordinate behavior among
             littermates
           + Begins to learn right behavior
           + Motor skills improve
           + Short attention span
           + Starts focusing attention on owner rather than other puppies
           + Separate littermates
           + Start house training
            
    CARE OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Continue lots of individual attention
            
   Week Ten (Days 64-70)
  
    DEVELOPMENT OF THE PUPPIES
          
           + Safe to ship puppies by air

                                      
 Finding And Dealing With Puppy Buyers
            
   

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